DayOfVengeanceTheBigFourWith the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (of Austria-Hungary), and his wife in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, a regional dispute became the Great War between the Great Powers

“The fight for the ultimate peace of the world and for the liberation of its peoples…the world must be made safe for democracy.” Woodrow Wilson, Address to Congress, April 2, 1917

The ‘war to end all wars’ became perpetual war in April 1917, when President Wilson announced the entry of the United States into the war.

On June 28, 1919 the Big Four: Lloyd George, England; Vittorio Orlando, Italy; Georges Clemenceau, France and Woodrow Wilson, U.S., signed the Treaty of Versailles, also known by historians as the treaty of vengeance, because of the desire for vengeance on Germany.

Years later, Felix Frankfurter recounted the appeals made to Wilson in Paris, by neutral countries, for mercy on the German people. “When they respectfully and soulfully pointed out how harsh and severe were the consequences to the German people of some of the terms, particularly the economic, Wilson said, ‘We mean them to be harsh because we want to etch forever on the minds of the German people that the people are responsible for the conduct of its rulers.'” Felix Frankfurter Reminisces (Reynal, 1960)

It was that vengeance that helped to produce Hitler, World War II and the Holocaust.

The irony in Wilson’s statement (if it’s true) is that he and his people (House, Baruch, Brandeis & Frankfurter) went to great lengths to decouple Administration policy from the will of the American people — by misleading, defrauding (bonds), and manipulating them into a war of choice, thereby undermining the democracy project (and League of Nations) that he claimed to be fighting for.